In non-Christian Greek the word is used of officials who act on behalf of rulers, with their authority, such as ambassadors or heralds. Hermes is called a ‘deacon’, diakonos, because he carried out the commissions of the gods. Paul is a diakonos of God as being his authoritative mouthpiece. What is common to the various functions is their mediatorial work—Paul is an ambassador to the Gentiles, a reconciler between the two branches of the Church, Gentile and Jewish, holding them in unity through his collection for Jerusalem [[➝ collection for Church of Jerusalem]] and at the same time urging ex-Jews to accept his principles i.e. of separation from the institutions of Judaism.
The deacons in the Church are to embody personal integrity and their role is that of a scribe [[➝ scribes]], whereas the task of teaching is entrusted to the presbyterbishops (1 Tim. 3:2, 5). From Rom. 16:1, where Phoebe is mentioned, it would seem that in the NT women could be regarded as deacons.
It has often been supposed that the Seven appointed to assist the Twelve [[➝ Twelve, the]] (Acts 6:1–6) were the first deacons, since their function was to minister (Greek, diakonein), and ‘serve tables’, but in the event Stephen and Philip engage in evangelistic enterprises on their own account, and the Seven were more the antecedents of the presbyterate than the Church's diaconate. The functions of the latter were administrative and liturgical in the early Church, but they were not inferior officers. They acted as the bishop's agents, and they remained deacons for life. Only as the presbyters, under local pressures, gradually assumed some of the bishops' functions did the diaconate in the West become less important. At last, in the Middle Ages, the diaconate became merely a probationary stage on the way to the priesthood (presbyterate).
When Jesus is recorded as saying that he came ‘not to be served but to serve’ (Greek, diakonein, Mark 10:45), the meaning is that he is not the kind of great person in the world who has agents around to go out and do his bidding; he has his own duties to do himself.

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  • Deacon — steht für: Deacon (Rakete), eine amerikanische Höhenforschungsrakete eine Variante dieser Rakete, siehe Nike Deacon ein chemisches Verfahren zur Herstellung von Chlor aus Chlorwasserstoff, siehe Deacon Verfahren einen erloschenen Vulkan, siehe… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Deacon — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Cohete Deacon con un modelo de prueba a escala en el morro Deacon fue el nombre de un cohete sonda estadounidense alimentado por combustible sólido y comenzado a desarrollar en 1945 por el Allegheny Ballistics Labor …   Wikipedia Español

  • deacon — [dē′kən] n. [ME deken < OE deacon < LL(Ec) diaconus, a servant of the church, deacon < Gr diakonos, servant, messenger (in N.T., deacon) < dia (see DIA ) + konein, to strive < IE base * ken > L conari, to try, W digon, can] 1. a …   English World dictionary

  • Deacon — Dea con (d[=e] k n), v. t. 1. To read aloud each line of (a psalm or hymn) before singing it, usually with off. [Colloq. New. Eng.] See {Line}, v. t. [1913 Webster] Note: The expression is derived from a former custom in the Congregational… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Deacon — Dea con (d[=e] k n), n. [OE. diakne, deakne, deken, AS. diacon, deacon, L. diaconus, fr. Gr. dia konos a servant or minister, a minister of the church; of uncertain origin. In sense 2 prob. confused with dean.] 1. (Eccl.) An officer in Christian… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Deacon —   [ diːkn], Henry, britischer Industriechemiker, * London 30. 7. 1822, ✝ Widnes (bei Liverpool) 23. 7. 1876; war v. a. in der Sodaindustrie tätig, verbesserte u. a. das Leblanc Sodaverfahren; erfand 1868 eine Methode, Salzsäure katalytisch zu… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • deacon — O.E. deacon, diacon, from L.L. diaconus, from Gk. diakonos servant of the church, religious official, lit. servant, from dia thoroughly + PIE *kon o , from root *ken to set oneself in motion …   Etymology dictionary

  • deacon — [n] clergyperson church officer, cleric, elder, priest; concept 361 …   New thesaurus

  • deacon — ► NOUN 1) (in Catholic, Anglican, and Orthodox Churches) an ordained minister of an order ranking below that of priest. 2) (in some Protestant Churches) a lay officer assisting a minister. ORIGIN Greek diakonos servant …   English terms dictionary

  • Deacon — This article is about the office in the Christian Church. For other uses, see Deacon (disambiguation). Saint Stephen, one of the first seven deacons in the Christian Church, holding a Gospel Book, painting by Giacomo Cavedone 1601 Deacon is a… …   Wikipedia

  • Deacon — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Deacon (diacre en français) est un patronyme anglophone, utilisé parfois comme prénom. Sommaire 1 Patronyme 2 Prénom …   Wikipédia en Français

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